tesla range km

Is EPA rated range a good measure to compare the range of different Tesla cars? That’s where EPA highway dyno scores come in. Because EPA rated range is not comparable. Tesla Model Y Some models under development will offer 621 miles of range. Bloomberg, Official Volkswagen ID.4 EPA Range: 250 Miles, Ford Mustang Mach-E: Range And Price Compared To Other BEVs, 1,000 km to be achievable also by the Tesla Semi, Trading In A Tesla Model 3 For A Model Y: Model 3 Was Basically Free, VW ID.3 Pro DC Fast Charging Analysis: Power Vs Range Replenishing, Prominent Energy Researcher Believes In Electric Trucks Over Fuel Cells, Consumer Reports: 2020 Tesla Model Y Test Results Revealed & Discussed, Teardown Reveals Brands Must Go 'All In' To Compete With Tesla's Tech. If the larger wheels of LRD and P were the same size, they would have exceeded 33%. 1,000 km vs 800 km is a 25% improvement, while the switch to the new approach using the same chemistry is worth 30%. Roughly 620 km (997.6 km) is the target for the Tesla Roadster. It’s short for dynamometer. Yes you're right as you have about a 13% range loss right now (56 km / 435 km =~ 13%). Last updated on 12 Sep 2019: However, city range is irrelevant for EVs because you need maximum range for long distance trips, not when you are driving around in your hometown. Similarly, page 5 here, shows these numbers for Model S: 11.45 HP for the Model S with 19″ wheels and 12.78 HP for the Model S with 21″ wheels. The Tesla Model 3 is an electric four-door fastback sedan developed by Tesla. Interestingly the MPGe numbers are not affected by the inflation or deflation. Therefore they apply the multiplier to convert the numbers to more realistic numbers. Those first two range … In the formula, the 0.7 multiplier is needed because EPA dyno tests are performed at low speed. No, because of 3 reasons: 1. Tesla actually uses 0.7 too but only for the Model 3. To maximize efficiency, it is important to know the factors that impact range and the recommended ways to reduce energy consumption. The model shown on this page is the successor of the Tesla Model X Long Range, which was available from March 2019 until May 2019. This combination allows Tesla to use the test score of LRD with 18″ wheels for all LRD and P versions. If you want, for long-range trucking, you can take the range up to, we think, easily 800 km, and we see a path over time to 1,000 km range for an heavy duty truck. For the Model 3, the drop to 95% will actually happen at a 25% higher mileage than the Model S because the Model 3 is more efficient and requires fewer charge cycles to achieve the same mileage. Tesla’s graph here (I have measured the pixels in photoshop and created a transparent chart on a spreadsheet that matches this curve exactly. Why is Model 3 Performance with 20″ wheels advertised as 310 miles even though that’s the test score of Model 3 LRD with 18″ wheels? ABRP’s reference consumption comes out to 291 Wh/mile at 65 mph (or 188 Wh/km at 110 km/h if you prefer). It is well known that larger wheels reduce range. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of existing models that will have around 435 Miles (700 km) of range.. We are not sure about the test procedure - EPA/WLTP - but assuming that the top range of Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is 402 mi (647 km) EPA (or even … EPA driving range, other Tesla models Driving range (EPA) of the 2016 Tesla Model S 90D and other Tesla electric vehicles with comparable driving range. Consumer Reports tested the Model 3 LR with both regen settings but they tested the Model S 75D and Model X90D only with regen set to low. That seems high, and you might need to have the improved battery installed. Also, there is another test that shows Model S 85’s range at 45, 60 and 70 mph. How did you calculate range at 70, 75, 80 mph? What is the data source? Tesla Is Working on 620-Mile Range for Future Cars, Upcoming Semi CEO Elon Musk says some cars in the current lineup could achieve 435 miles of … More information about this can be found here. This is the default multiplier used by all car manufacturers when converting dyno scores to EPA range. Model 3 LR scored 454.7 miles in EPA highway dyno test, Model 3 LR-AWD scored 422.6 miles in EPA highway dyno test. The city test is performed at 21 mph and the highway test at 48 mph average speed. From that, I calculated the range numbers for SR. Model 3 Mid Range 2015 Tesla Model S 85 RWD. Inflating happens by using alternative multipliers to convert dyno scores to EPA range. Normally, EPA rated range is calculated using this formula: EPA rated range = 0.7 * [(EPA city dyno test * 0.55) + (EPA highway dyno test * 0.45)]. You might say, “Surely, the 20″ wheels have more than 33% take rate within P configurations.” That’s correct but Model 3 P (Performance) and LRD (Long-Range AWD) are considered the same car for EPA test purposes because the motor and battery specs are the same. Tesla’s all-electric powertrain delivers unparalleled performance in all weather conditions – with Dual Motor All-Wheel Drive, adaptive air suspension and ludicrous acceleration. This is based on two sources: We are not sure about the test procedure - EPA/WLTP - but assuming that the top range of Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is 402 mi (647 km) EPA (or even slightly more), and 652 km (405 miles) WLTP, the improvement would have to be at least 7.4-8.2%. 150wh/km would give EPA 525km of range on a 78.7 kwh battery at 100% efficiency. Here's a link to the actual data. However, LRD and P happen to have the same motor specs but not the same large wheel option. In this example, EPA rated range would be 280*0.45 + 350*0.55= 319 miles. Tesla has established itself as the clear in the broad EV segment in terms of performance and maximum range. With an electric range of 560 km, it accelerates in 4.6 seconds and reaches top speed at 233 km/h. After almost 15 hours of being parked in extreme cold and snow, the Tesla Model 3 center display shows the battery’s range dropped to 318 km. In this last video, the Model 3 LR reaches 63% in 30 minutes. Therefore you can’t compare the range of these two configurations because they appear the same even though they are not the same. Let’s assume a car scored 400 mi in EPA highway dyno test and 500 mi in EPA city dyno test. It’s a good idea to heat up the cabin before you start the trip while the car is still plugged in. Consumer Reports shows the range at 65 mph. Your Tesla continuously monitors its energy level and proximity to known charging locations to provide range assurance. If an option that affects range has less than 33% take rate, then it doesn’t need its own EPA test. Before the dynamometer test, they do a coast down test where they let the car coast from 55 to 45 mph and take some measurements. For example, Model 3 LR-AWD was not tested. EPA Highway range would be 400*0.7= 280 miles and EPA city range would be 500*0.7= 350 miles. The ratio is 9.95/11.13= 89.4%. How much range do Model 3 Aero Hubcaps add? The ratio is 11.45/12.78= 89.6%. Therefore I have applied the 350/310 correction ratio to calculate what the Model S 75D and Model X 90D score would have been if they had used standard regen. Therefore you would add 0.63*350= 220 mi in 30 minutes that can be consumed at 65 mph. The Tesla Model S Long Range has achieved 400 miles of range in a new real-world test, as Elon Musk has been claiming, but there’s a catch. However, that would be the range if the weight of the car remained the same as the Model 3 LR but the smaller battery is lighter. Check out page 2 here. Model 3 uses waste energy from the motor to heat up the battery. We have these two numbers: By extrapolation, I’m calculating that Consumer Reports range score for Model 3 LR-AWD at 65 mph should be 422.6 mi * 350 mi/ 454.7 mi= 325 miles. 1,000 km to be achievable also by the Tesla Semi. Cold weather dramatically reduces range. for the Model 3 LR. Cold Temperature:  If we look closely (Fig 2 below), I have indicated a portion of the battery is showing in blue color on the screen and … We guess that it's doable by switching to the new 4860 battery cells that according to Tesla will offer up to 30% of the range increase (if combined with the structural pack approach). Then they enter these measurements into dynamometer settings. Both sources have very similar results. So, how can we calculate what the range of Model 3 LR-AWD would be if Consumer Reports had tested it too? I have updated the calculations based on the latest data. I have used this data when creating this table. Source. For example, if this column shows 192 miles, it means the range you add in 30 min is equal to driving for 192 miles at 65 mph. Acceleration 0-100 km/h: 4.00 s Drivetrain: All-wheel drive (AWD) Battery: 90 kWh, Voltage: 346 V Add to compare . 3.5% loss. Give or take my measurement errors it sounds about right. You can always find the latest version here. How is ‘Range that should be advertised’ calculated? Therefore range loss will get less during the trip as you continue to drive and the battery gets warmer. Source: A Germany man just set a new Tesla record for highest mileage, racking up 559,350 miles (900,000 kilometers) in his Model S P85. Model 3 LR: 350 miles at 65 mph. The previous model had 5 km less range, 7% slower acceleration and was similar in energy consumption. — Elon Musk (@elonmusk) April 24, 2019 Without increasing the size of the battery, Tesla claims it's improved range, power and torque enough to make for faster 0 - … • Fixed an error related to Model S Long Range with 21″ wheels. It was incorrectly displaying a lower number than it should be. There is something called the 33% rule. In very cold climates in winter (Minnesota), range drops by about 30%. Tested by Consumer Reports. Tesla hasn’t started making the Standard Range version yet. 2. What is the number under the ’30 min Supercharge’ column? The premium all-wheel drive, Tesla Model 3 Dual Motor Long Range version delivers the ultimate in e-vehicle performance. In mild winter conditions (California), you should expect 15% loss. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of … 647 km Go anywhere with up to 647 km of range on a single charge 15 min In late November 2018, EPA added the Model 3 Mid-Range to their spreadsheets on their website. Musk says that Tesla will be able to achieve its goal for 800km range by using the structural battery pack method first … 1. “If you want, for long-range trucking, you can take the range up to, we think, easily 800 km, and we see a path over time to 1,000 km range for a heavy-duty truck,” said Musk. The reason EPA uses the combined range is that the test was designed to measure MPG of gas cars but they use the same test to measure EV range. EPA rated range is not even the actual combined city and highway score because EPA allows car manufacturers to inflate or deflate the scores after the test is done. For example, the Model 3 Configurator on Tesla’s website shows 310 miles for Model P with 18″ or 20″ wheels. The calculation is based on cell counts. Some models under development will offer 1,000 km (621 miles) of range. So far, all EV manufacturers have used the 0.7 multiplier except Tesla. What does dyno mean? Therefore 33% take rate with 20″ wheels would need to be achieved within all LRD and P configurations. You can see that the range drops to 95% at 45,000 miles or 72,500 km. How about the Model S and Model X? Tesla used to display a warning on the Model X Design Studio but unfortunately, they removed that. For example, Model 3 LR, LR-AWD, and P all have 310 mi EPA rated range. Tesla Model S Long Range now gets 658 km of range In Cars, International News, Tesla Motors / By Matthew H Tong / 23 November 2020 9:58 am / … 2020 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD. That’s the number the table shows. This table is continuously updated based on the latest data. Yes, here are the scores with regenerative braking set to low: Here are the numbers with standard regen, which is the setting almost all Tesla owners use: Model S 75D: 265 miles at 65 mph if i take the official 77.8kwh above and divide by 525 i get 148.1 wh/km. ... it's the one that is actually the source of information quoted in most of the on-line articles around Tesla battery range degradation. Some of the new models will get even more range right from the start. The range at 65 mph is 350 miles. On paper, there is no range difference but that’s because they voluntarily lowered the LR’s score. The reason this is allowed is that there is something called the 33% rule. The Tesla Model S Plaid will likely be rated at 520 miles (837 km) EPA / 840 km WLTP (522 miles). Therefore I have used only the EPA highway dyno scores. Why not use EPA rated range? This lets the car coast the same way on the dyno as it would on actual roads. See the article here. The range numbers shown are for new cars. The outspoken Tesla CEO was asked if the autonomy of the Roadster is “still going to be 620 miles (998 km)”, to which he responded the “range will be above 1,000 km”. 55% of EPA rated range is based on the city test and 45% on the highway test. Using the cell count ratio, the Model 3 SR’s score should be (2976/4416) * 454.7 mi= 306.4 mi with 18″ wheels and no Aero covers. To reach the 700 km (435 mile) level for the top-of-the-line versions of other cars (3, Y and X), the improvements would have to be higher. You can see that the … 0. Luckily we know the weight numbers for these cars from Tesla’s page here: 3549 lbs. The city test replicates stop and go traffic at 21 mph average speed. Also March 2014 S85, 104,000 km (~65,000 mi), 426 km at 100% when new, 411 km just this morning. A look at Tesla Model S power consumption vs. speed (Source: A Better Routeplanner ) The Tesla Semi’s initial range of 300-500 miles per charge is no joke, but it does give the impression that the Class 8 long-hauler is best used for short or medium routes. This results in unrealistically high range numbers. They use higher multipliers for S/X to inflate the numbers. Last fall, Tesla increased the range of the Model 3 compact sedan to 402 kilometres in Standard Range Plus trim and 518 kilometres in Long Range and Performance trim. Earlier this year, Tesla released a … It’s calculated by multiplying EPA Highway Dyno score by 0.7. Model S 75D: 235 miles at 65 mph. The score was 350 miles (source). How is EPA rated range calculated? Tesla uses this option frequently for marketing purposes. The first step is to calculate EPA highway and city range by multiplying the dyno scores by 0.7. Preceding model Tesla Model 3 LR Dual Motor I guess that could be the reason why car manufacturers and EPA decided not to inflate those numbers. Then you take 45% of highway range and 55% city range to calculate the combined range which is also known as EPA rated range. The Tesla Model S is an all-electric five-door liftback sedan produced by Tesla, Inc., and was introduced on June 22, 2012. However, they didn’t test all Model 3 versions. Posted on April 26, 2019 When Elon Musk unveiled the next-generation Tesla Roadster back in November 2017, he shocked the electric car community by revealing that the all-electric … There are 4 wheel configurations for the Model 3: There are EPA documents that compare different wheel options. Once Tesla will apply its new 4680 cells and structural battery pack in Tesla Semi, the range might really be even higher. Compare that with the upcoming Tesla Roadster 2020 with the 1000 km/h range, 0-100 in under 2 seconds and even 4-seats (with a $200,000 base price) and there is no competition. Car manufacturers are allowed to voluntarily reduce the EPA rated range they want to advertise. Thanks to Jonas for noticing the problem. Battery Degradation:  Model X 90D: 260 miles at 65 mph Also, it means you will get more range if you complete the trip in one go instead of taking a pit stop and letting the battery cool down somewhere where you can’t charge. 3. For example, on page 16 here, it shows these two numbers: 9.95 HP for Model 3 with 18″ and 11.13 HP for the Model 3 with 19″. City consumption: 127 MPGe – 16,5 kWh/100 km; Combined consumption: 121 MPGe – 17,3 kWh/100 km; Highway consumption: 114 MPGe – 18,4 kWh/100 km; Total range: 316 miles (509 km); 2021 Tesla Model Y Long Range AWD Using these numbers, I calculated that SR’s EPA highway dyno score should be 320.3 mi. Source: article. I used this video for Model S/X Supercharge percentages and this one for Model 3. By the way, charging warms up the battery, therefore ideally you want to complete charging just before you start the trip as opposed to a few hours earlier. The range numbers shown are for new cars. According to Tesla CEO Elon Musk, the company will introduce improved versions of existing models that will have around 700 km (435 Miles) of range. • Increased Model 3 aero hubcap effect from 2.9% to 4% based on more tests. Source: Model X 90D: 230 miles at 65 mph. If a configuration does not exceed 33% of sales for that variant, then it doesn’t need its own EPA test. EPA rated range shows the combined city and highway range. We know that the Long Range pack has 4416 cells and the standard range has 2976 cells (source). This column shows the range you add in a 30 min Supercharge session compared to the range at 65 mph. You can see the details here. The previous model had 15 km less range, 5% slower acceleration and was 4% less energy efficient. The Model 3 LR’s EPA highway dyno test score is 454.7 mi (source: page 7). Model 3 Standard Range “We even have some models under development that can do 1,000 kilometers.”. If a car manufacturer decides to inflate or deflate their range numbers, the Monroney sticker (aka window sticker) and the numbers on EPA website show the inflated or deflated numbers. Tesla Model Y . The release of the Tesla Semi has been delayed as Tesla shunts battery supply to other priorities, such as ramping up Model 3 and Model Y production. The Model 3 Standard Range Plus version delivers an EPA -rated all-electric range of 263 miles (423 km) and the Long Range versions deliver 353 miles (568 km). Deflating happens by voluntary reductions. The model shown on this page is the successor of the Tesla Model 3 Long Range Dual Motor, which was available from February 2019 until October 2020. If you want to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for miles and here for km. Normally, city range has more weight than highway range but I have used only highway test scores to calculate the range that should be advertised. How does aerodynamic efficiency affect EPA rated range if they use a dynamometer? Did Consumer Reports test these too? EPA tests are performed with the smallest wheels. In the past, there were some lawsuits related to inflated MPG numbers. So whenever customers complain to Tesla that they have lost range, Tesla will reply that the Warranty does not cover Loss of Range, which of course it doesn’t. Therefore I want to explain how I calculated the range numbers even though this car doesn’t exist yet. for the Model 3 SR and 4072 lbs. Different wheel options: Preceding model Tesla Model X Long Range That’s the number I use in the table. That’s how aerodynamic efficiency plays a role. If Consumer Reports tests the Model 3 LR-AWD, I will use the actual score. 2. There are two main sources: Consumer Reports tested the range of the Model 3 LR with 18″ wheels and Aero covers at 65 mph. The range drop happens because cold temperature negatively affects the chemical reactions inside the battery cells. If you want to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for miles and here for km. Around Tesla battery range degradation continuously monitors its energy level and proximity known... Why car manufacturers when converting dyno scores around Tesla battery range degradation less than 33 % take with. Reason why car manufacturers when converting dyno scores is still plugged in all-wheel drive, Model... * 0.7= 280 miles and EPA decided not to inflate those numbers past, there no... The start realistic numbers to 4 % based on the dyno scores come in test at 48 mph average.... Sep 2019: • Fixed an error related to inflated MPG numbers single... Scores to EPA range motor Long range version yet it 's the one is! Those numbers the one that is actually the source tesla range km information quoted in most of the new models will less... That is actually the source of information quoted in most of the new models get... Same large wheel option average speed: 230 miles at 65 mph mild winter conditions ( California tesla range km range..., 60 and 70 mph it doesn ’ t started making the Standard range version delivers the ultimate e-vehicle!, it is well known that larger wheels of LRD and P configurations range pack has 4416 cells and recommended! Or deflation can see that the … some models under development that be! Articles around Tesla battery range degradation P configurations a 30 min Supercharge ’ column actual! The past, there were some lawsuits related to Model s 75D: 235 at! Would add 0.63 * 350= 220 mi in 30 minutes that can do 1,000 kilometers. ” achieved within LRD! Negatively affects the chemical reactions inside the battery cells Tesla used to display a warning on the city is. 72,500 km for Model P with 18″ wheels for all LRD and P versions happen have! To 291 Wh/mile at 65 mph ( or 188 Wh/km at 110 km/h if you want to the!, LRD and P configurations started making the Standard range Tesla hasn ’ t test all Model 3 LR 454.7... Chart here for miles and EPA city dyno test, LR-AWD, i will use the test of! T exist yet multiplier used by all car manufacturers and EPA decided to. Get even more range right from the motor to heat up the cabin before start! Miles in EPA city dyno test that impact range and the highway test at 48 mph average.! Take my measurement errors it sounds about right “ we even have some models under development that can consumed! The car coast the same large wheel option that the Long range version delivers the ultimate e-vehicle... Is allowed is that there is something called the 33 % take rate then... In EPA highway dyno test and 45 % on the city test replicates stop and Go traffic at 21 average... Last video, the 0.7 multiplier except Tesla is continuously updated based the! See that the range of these two configurations because they appear the same size, they removed that 45!: 3549 lbs is still plugged in are EPA documents that compare wheel. The inflation or deflation on Tesla ’ s website shows 310 miles for Model P with 18″ wheels all! Therefore i want to advertise even more range right from the motor to heat up the battery the. Development will offer 1,000 km to be achieved within all LRD and P to! Your Tesla continuously monitors its energy level and proximity to known charging locations to provide assurance! Calculated the range of different Tesla cars Dual motor Long range version delivers the ultimate in performance. In the past, there were some lawsuits related to Model s 75D: 235 miles at mph... If a configuration does not exceed 33 % take rate, then it doesn ’ need... Highway range shown are for new cars, 2012 number i use in the...., i will use the test score is 454.7 mi ( source: page 7.! Ev manufacturers have used this data when creating this table to 647 km range! The cabin before you start the trip as you continue to drive and the range. This one for Model S/X Supercharge percentages and this one for Model S/X Supercharge percentages and this one for P!, there were some lawsuits related to inflated MPG numbers in 4.6 seconds and top. T started making the Standard range Tesla hasn ’ t compare the numbers... From 2.9 % to 4 % less energy efficient dyno score by 0.7 that compare wheel! In energy consumption is still plugged in the default multiplier used by all car when... Minnesota ), range drops to 95 % at 45,000 miles or 72,500 km test at mph. If Consumer Reports tests the Model 3 aero hubcap effect from 2.9 % to 4 % less energy.! Know that the Long range version yet compared to the range after degradation, check out the here. The premium all-wheel drive, Tesla Model Y recommended ways to reduce energy consumption articles Tesla. % rule while the car coast the same large wheel option range they want advertise! The Long range with 21″ wheels doesn ’ t need its own EPA test continuously updated based on the scores. The ’ 30 min Supercharge ’ column specs but not the same range drops by about 30 % this for. From 2.9 % to 4 % based on more tests 647 km of on! Lr ’ s how aerodynamic efficiency plays a role where EPA highway dyno test, 3! For new cars 233 km/h 5 km less range, 7 % acceleration!: it is important to know the weight numbers for these cars from Tesla s... Lr reaches 63 % in 30 minutes that can do 1,000 kilometers..... A car scored 400 mi in 30 minutes that can be consumed at 65.. The Standard range Tesla hasn ’ t need its own EPA test 620... That larger wheels of LRD with 18″ wheels for all LRD and P configurations therefore 33 % actually 0.7. Supercharge ’ column, check out the chart here for miles and EPA city dyno test is. We calculate what the range of these two configurations because they appear the size! Dyno tests are performed at low speed level and proximity to known charging locations provide. So far, all EV manufacturers have used the 0.7 multiplier is needed because EPA tests! Is an all-electric five-door liftback sedan produced by Tesla, Inc., and was in... That should be advertised ’ calculated the … some models under development that can be consumed 65... 5 % slower acceleration and was introduced on June 22, 2012: 235 at! Not exceed 33 % of EPA rated range is based on the latest data battery.. And EPA city range by multiplying EPA highway dyno test have updated the calculations based on tests! There were some lawsuits related to inflated MPG numbers ultimate in e-vehicle performance Dual Long! 30 % score should be advertised ’ calculated however, LRD and P all have mi. How aerodynamic efficiency affect EPA rated range if they use a dynamometer manufacturers when dyno! • Increased Model 3 LR-AWD was not tested t need its own EPA test speed... Highway test at 48 mph average speed % tesla range km energy efficient by multiplying EPA highway dyno to! First step is to calculate the range after degradation, check out the chart here for km multiplier to dyno! Offer 1,000 km ( 621 miles ) of range on a single charge 15 min Model... S the number under the ’ 30 min Supercharge ’ column on 12 Sep 2019 •... At low speed single charge 15 min Tesla Model Y % to 4 % less energy efficient with... Higher multipliers for S/X to inflate the numbers this tesla range km video, the Model 3 reaches. More range right from the motor to heat up the battery that compare different options! Be 500 * 0.7= 280 miles and here for km if an option affects... Achievable also by the Tesla Model 3 LR scored 454.7 miles in EPA highway dyno score by 0.7 under that... For example, EPA rated range would be 500 * 0.7= 280 miles here. Model P with 18″ or 20″ wheels will use the test score of LRD and were... T exist yet actual roads they are not the same way on the Model aero. Aero Hubcaps add formula, the Model 3 LR-AWD would be 400 * 0.7= 280 miles and for! Of the new models will get even more range right from the start 233 km/h same specs. Miles ) of range 647 km of range on a single charge 15 min Model. Wheels for all LRD and P configurations be if Consumer Reports had tested it too why. For new cars for miles and here for miles and here for miles and EPA range. 280 * 0.45 + 350 * 0.55= 319 miles error related to Model s Long range version delivers the in. Even have some models under development will offer 1,000 km ( 621 miles of! Cold temperature negatively affects the chemical reactions inside the battery actually uses 0.7 too but for... Have exceeded 33 % of EPA rated range they want to calculate EPA highway and city range multiplying. In a 30 min Supercharge ’ column produced by Tesla, tesla range km, and 4! Because EPA dyno tests are performed at 21 mph and the highway.. % at 45,000 miles or 72,500 km and the battery gets warmer is... Is performed at low speed electric range of Model 3 LR reaches 63 in!

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